From cow, vaccine: a true story for your children

From cow, vaccine: a true story for your children

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The word vaccine derives from the term cow. History reveals a curious anecdote about the discovery of vaccines. Long ago, in the year 1796, an English medical student, Edward Jenner, observed that women in charge of milking the milk of cows affected by smallpox did not contract the disease, but had lesions on their hands similar to those they had some cows on the udders.

In reality, these lesions were caused by the cowpox virus, a less aggressive virus, which caused the milkers to produce defenses against the disease and, therefore, not to contract true smallpox. Thus, on May 14, 1796, Jenner extracted pus from one of the lesions on the hand of a milker, who had contracted smallpox from her dairy cow, and inoculated it to James Phipps, an 8-year-old boy, who was became the first vaccinated child.

This was the first step in the history of vaccines. Thanks to them, smallpox has been eliminated around the world and Europe is about to declare itself a polio-free territory as well. In We can consult the updated childhood vaccination calendar, in which the vaccination schedule against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type b and poliomyelitis with hexavalent vaccines, which also includes the component of hepatitis B.

Pneumococcal infection is the leading cause of infectious diseases and mortality in children. This vaccine has the advantage that it can be administered to older children, who, although they do not present as much risk of meningitis, do have other very prevalent diseases such as otitis and pneumonia. This vaccine is indicated in all children from 6 weeks to 5 years and the administration schedule is 3 doses from 6 weeks to 6 months, separated by a minimum interval of 1 month, and a booster dose between 11 and 15 months.

Experts recall that the cost per disease is always higher than the cost of the vaccine and they want the Health budget to be directed to finance the only way to protect against diseases, which are vaccines. And it is that although many parents give us a lot of courage to start pricking our baby as soon as it is born, because the first hepatitis B vaccine is administered to the newborn within a few hours of life, in the hospital, I recognize that development Vaccines is one of the most effective measures, from the point of view of preventive medicine, aimed at avoiding suffering from a serious disease, the consequences of which can affect the patient's quality of life forever.

Marisol New. Copywriter

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