From birth to 14 years of age, all children should be vaccinated, to avoid suffering from certain diseases, as well as their consequences and complications. Vaccines are biological products that serve to prevent infectious diseases when our body develops specific defenses against them.
To teach the immune system to defend itself, the vaccine usually contains part of the microorganism that causes the disease or the entire germ, but dead or weakened. Therefore, you must vaccinate your child. Pay attention to child vaccination schedule 2018 to record when your child's due for a vaccine.
Presented by the Spanish Association of Pediatrics - AEP
* Hepatitis B: In children of a HBsAg carrier mother, the HB vaccine plus gamma globulin will be administered within 12 hours after birth. Vaccination with hexavalent combined vaccine will continue at 2-4-6 months and antibody determination will continue from 1 to 3 months after vaccination. Unvaccinated children and adolescents will be administered, at any age, 3 doses of monocomponent or combination vaccine with hepatitis A, according to the 0, 1 and 6 month schedule.
** Chickenpox in 12-year-olds: In susceptible patients outside the above ages, vaccination with 2 doses with an interval of at least 1 month.
The changes in the 2018 vaccination schedule are minor compared to last year's schedule. Among the vaccines that are not funded, but are recommended, are those for rotavirus, meningococcus B in infants, and pertussis in adolescents.
Vaccination against human papilloma is still recommended in girls and boys (the male carries the virus even if he does not develop it) at 11-12 years.
Once our body has produced antibodies against the modified germs it contains, These antibodies will protect us against the true germs that cause the disease, destroying them and making us not sick. This “learned” way of reacting provides us with immunity against future encounters with the offending microorganism, which will again trigger the production of defense antibodies.
Vaccination is one of the most effective measures for disease prevention. Currently, the most widely used vaccines in Spain are: hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio,Haemophilus influenzae type b, meningococcus C, pneumococcus, measles, rubella, mumps or mumps, chickenpox, human papillomavirus, rotavirus, hepatitis A and influenza.
Vaccination must be controlled by the doctor or pediatrician. The first childhood vaccination is applied in the health center where the baby was born. There you will receive your first dose of the Hepatitis B vaccine. From this date, vaccinations will be administered at 2 months of age, at 4 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, 4 years, 6 years. , 12 years and 14 years.
All children should receive the following immunizations:
- Hepatitis B (HB) vaccine.
- Vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis (DTPa / Tdpa).
- Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV).
- Conjugate vaccine againstHaemophilus influenzae type b (Hib).
- Conjugate vaccine against meningococcus C (MenC).
- Conjugate vaccine against pneumococcus (VNC).
- Vaccine against measles, rubella and mumps (MMR).
- Vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV).
- Rotavirus (RV) vaccine.
- Varicella vaccine (Var).
- Influenza (Flu) Vaccine.
- Hepatitis A vaccine (HA).
Most single and multi-dose vaccines protect against disease for life. Others, such as tetanus and diphtheria, need booster doses to regain adequate protection.
Like any medicine, some vaccines can cause a reaction in the baby. The most frequent are local, and refer to pain, inflammation or redness at the injection site. In some cases, a slight fever may appear, usually moderate.
AEP (Spanish Association of Pediatrics)
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