What is artificial insemination to achieve pregnancy?

What is artificial insemination to achieve pregnancy?

12% of couples whose women are between 18 and 44 years old are unable to conceive after a year of unprotected sex.

When this happens, it is a good time to see a fertility specialist. After different tests, the gynecologist will recommend the most appropriate technique, one of which is common is artificial insemination. But do you know what it is exactly? Who can access it?Find out what artificial insemination consists of.

Artificial insemination (AI) is an assisted reproductive treatment which consists of injecting sperm with a special cannula into the uterine cavity close to ovulation.

So that the chances of pregnancy are higher, the ovaries are hormonally stimulated and ovulation is monitored to determine the best time for implantation.

The sperm used have been previously selected from a semen sample that has been processed in the laboratory to improve its quality and promote pregnancy.

Insemination can be done with semen from your partner or with donor semen. When it comes to partner semen, the semen analysis should provide minimum values, especially in terms of mobility.

Within this artificial insemination treatment, there are several phases:

1.- Ovarian stimulation:

Through the administration of hormones, we promote multiple but controlled ovulation in women. To ensure the correct growth of the follicles that contain the ovules, our teams carry out ultrasound monitoring.

The medication is applied orally or subcutaneously in very low doses and is very easy to administer. The medication process usually takes 10-12 days.

Phase 2.- Sperm capacitation:

In this process we select and process the most mobile sperm to improve their fertilizing capacity.

Phase 3.- Insemination:

The sperm are deposited inside the uterus to, in this way, bring them closer to the place where fertilization takes place and thus facilitate conception. This phase is done in just a few minutes, it is not painful and does not require analgesia or previous anesthesia.

exist different situations in which artificial insemination is recommended:

1. When a couple produces healthy sperm and eggs but, due to some dysfunction it is not possible for the sperm to fertilize the ovumFor example, when it comes to erectile dysfunction, or when there is a cervical factor or changes in the cervix that prevent the necessary mucus from being produced for sperm to reach the uterus.

2. Endometriosis (link to article on endometriosis) causes cells inside the uterus to grow outside of the uterine cavity, for example in the ovaries or fallopian tubes. This makes pregnancy difficult. In mild cases of endometriosis, artificial insemination can be a successful option.

3. Some women develop allergic reactions to certain proteins in sperm. With artificial insemination, they can be filtered before the sperm are deposited in the uterus.

4. In cases of male infertility and depending on minimum values ​​of quality and quantity of sperm is a technique that can be applied because it allows the improvement of the sample for insemination.

Some medical treatments carry the risk of male infertility, for example radiation therapy. Freezing the sperm prior to the application of a treatment that is harmful to sperm will preserve the reproductive capacity.

5. Of course, when a woman independently or a couple of women want to get pregnant they can use donor sperm to get it.

To finish, mention that sometimes, there are no clear causes for infertility, in these cases, this technique is also recommended. In summary, these are the main situations in which artificial insemination is recommended:

- Coital difficulties (ex: vaginismus)

- Alterations of the cervical mucus.

- Mild endometriosis.

- Slight alterations of the seminogram.

- Immunological factor with low antibody titer.

- Cervical factor and changes in the cervix.

- Ovulatory disorders.

- Sterility of unknown origin.

The effectiveness depends on each case and a determining factor is the age of the woman. Sometimes this technique is more than 30% effective.

You can read more articles similar to What is artificial insemination to achieve pregnancy, in the category of On-site fertility problems.

Video: IUI vs IVF for sperm problems: 5 ways to decide (January 2022).