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To children, when they are little it costs them a lot to share, They go through the "mine" stage and get very angry when another child, be it a little friend, his brother ... takes his toy, his ball ... Until the age of four, children do not develop the theory of mind, that is, they are not capable of putting themselves in the place of the otherTherefore, it is not worth telling him, "You have to share because you also like to have toys left with you." Evolutionarily speaking, they are not yet capable of putting themselves in the other's shoes.
1. When children are smallIt is enough that we tell them that we have a norm in the family, “sharing”, which will also coincide with the one that the nursery school or school has. Explanations at this age have to be simple, “you have to share”, and when they don't, just withdraw your attention from the child. We will give it to the child or sibling who is sharing. Great talks or speeches that he doesn't yet understand are of no use to us, and with which he also gets attention.
2. When the child is older, from the age of 5, we can enter into more complex explanations. At this age, they begin to be able to put themselves in the place of the other, and they may come to understand that they have to leave their things because they also like others to share with them.
Which we should not do is punish the child for not sharing, or tell him that he is selfish or come in to scold him. It is better to tell him that when he does not share, then we do not want to play with him, and when he does share we do. It is important that we understand that the child is not "selfish", but has to learn to shareBecause when they are little it costs them more, and sometimes they don't understand that they lend something and that they can give them something in return, and that later they are going to give it back.
Sharing is much more than the material act of lending somethingIt also encompasses other values such as dedication, dedication and time. To learn to share time, sometimes turn-based games are very useful in which the child has to wait for his turn, while the attention is taken by another child.
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