Babies seem like cute and helpless creatures to us ... and while they are, they also have some surprising abilities. Newborns have special reflexes that help them during the first months of life and disappear over time.
Guiainfantil.com has selected the 10 basic reflexes of the newborn baby. Some are really amazing.
All newborns have a series of basic reflexes. Some of them remain into adult life, such as sneezing, coughing, or blinking, but most only last a few months. We explain what these reflections are and what they are for the baby, they will surely surprise you!
1. Moor's reflex: It is a defensive reflex. If you lay the newborn on his back, you lift him slightly holding him by the hands and pretend to let him go ... you will see that the baby opens his arms and extends them for help. This reflex disappears around the fifth month of life.
2. Suction reflex: The most important instinctual reflex for a newborn. This ensures you can eat correctly. A reflection that by the way, you already have even before you are born. Many ultrasounds show how the baby sucks a finger. This is because he is rehearsing the sucking reflex so that he can nurse when he is born.
3. Plantar pressure reflex: It is one of the most primitive reflections. In fact, it is a reflection of the apes. It consists in that the newborn will curl his toes inwards when he feels pressure on the foot, as if he were trying to grab something. Baby chimpanzees, for example, do it to cling to tree branches. This reflex disappears around the second month.
4. Gait reflex: A very curious reflex that makes some newborns appear to be walking. If you hold the baby by the armpits and stand up, when you feel contact with the sole of the foot, the baby will move his legs as if he were walking. This reflex does not last more than two months.
5. Search reflection: It is a complementary reflex to the sucking reflex. Any contact with the face, the newborn interprets it as closeness to food. Therefore, if you brush your cheek with your finger, it will open its mouth in search of the nipple to feed. However, this reflex disappears around the fourth month of life.
6. Prehensile reflex: Another very primitive survival reflex. If you offer a finger to the newborn, they will grip it very tightly. This provides you with security, comfort, and a greater emotional bond with the people who care for you.
7. Drag reflex: Similar to the gait reflex, there is this one, the drag reflex. The newborn, face down, will make the intention to move or crawl. And even if it does not succeed, it will make the movement prior to crawling.
8. Swordsman's Reflection: If you turn the baby's head to the side for a few seconds and then return it to a straight line, you will see how the baby extends the limbs to the side where the head was turned, while the other limbs flex. A reflection that disappears around the sixth month of life.
9. Irritability reflex: One of the tests performed on the newborn in the Apgar test is this: how the baby reacts to a small puncture in the extremities. Indispensable to check if you feel pain and if you defend yourself from it.
10. Reflex of coughing or sneezing: This reflection, which is also 'survival', accompanies us throughout life. It occurs when the airways are blocked or something prevents you from breathing normally. It is an attempt by the body to drag out what causes irritation or prevents us from breathing normally.
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